Naming new plants
Secondly, make sure as far as possible that the plant is distinct and that there is not a very similar or identical plant which has already received a name.
Thirdly, it is necessary to propagate the plant. This is because a cultivar is considered an assemblage of plants and not an individual. If Plant Breeders’ Rights are being applied for then a minimum of 10 plants will need to be propagated. It is important that all plants which share a cultivar name are uniform in their characteristics and remain stable in form.
Choosing a Name
If you intend to try to obtain Plant Breeders’ Rights or any other form of intellectual property protection then it is important to check the relevant regulations for naming plants as some of these may be in conflict with the rules laid out in the ICNCP and will legally take priority over them.
If legal protection is not being sought then you need only ensure that your name does not contravene the requirements of the ICNCP.
Establishing your Name
Once you have settled on an acceptable name it is necessary to establish it so that if the name is subsequently applied to a different plant your use of the name will have priority.
To establish a cultivar name all that needs to be done is to list the name in a dated, printed publication accompanied by a description in a modern language. The description can be brief but it is of most use if it makes clear how the new cultivar differs from others. Many cultivars are first described in nursery catalogues but magazines, newsletters and other publications are equally valid as long as they are publicly distributed and generally available. Where a catalogue is only available online effective publication can still be made by printing off at least two copies and lodging them with a designated library.
Registration and Recording
Registering your name is one way to ensure that information about your plant is correctly recorded and that your chosen name is not duplicated in the future. This website at this link provides a list of genera and their appropriate International Cultivar Registration Authority.
In case the application of your name should become unclear in the future it is useful to have a permanent record of the appearance of your plant as you originally selected it and this can be done by designating a nomenclatural standard.